Garibaldi Park Whistler A to Z: NunatukAlong Whistler’s Valley Trail near Rainbow Park you come across some impressively unusual trees. Unlike most other Whistler trees with straight trunks and slender branches, these lodgepole pines have wide gnarled trunks and magnificently huge, muscular branches. The branches of are of various sizes, ranging from very thick and long to enormous and long enough to disappear into the forest canopy. The more impressive branches emerge from the trunk nearly horizontal, then abruptly bend skyward.

Whistler & Garibaldi Park

 Ablation Zone WhistlerAblation Zone  Accumulation Zone WhistlerAccumulation Zone  Garibaldi Park WhistlerAdit Lakes  Garibaldi Park WhistlerAiguille  Garibaldi Park WhistlerAlpine Zone  Garibaldi Park WhistlerArête  Garibaldi Park WhistlerARRTI  Garibaldi Park WhistlerArmchair Glacier  Garibaldi Park WhistlerThe Barrier  Garibaldi Park WhistlerBattleship Islands  Garibaldi Park WhistlerBears  Garibaldi Park WhistlerBench  Garibaldi Park WhistlerBergschrund  BivouacBivouac  Whistler Bungee BridgeBungee Bridge  Garibaldi Park WhistlerCairn/Inukshuk  Garibaldi Park WhistlerCarter,Neal  Garibaldi Park WhistlerChimney  Garibaldi Park WhistlerCirque  Garibaldi Park WhistlerCloudraker  Garibaldi Park WhistlerCoast Douglas-fir  Garibaldi Park WhistlerCoast Mountains  Garibaldi Park WhistlerCol  Garibaldi Park WhistlerColumnar Jointing  Garibaldi Park WhistlerCordilleran  Garibaldi Park WhistlerCornice  Garibaldi Park WhistlerCorrie Lake  Garibaldi Park WhistlerCrevasse  Garibaldi Park WhistlerDalgleish,Alec  Garibaldi Park WhistlerDeadfall  Emerald Park in WhistlerEmerald Forest  Erratics in Garibaldi Park and WhistlerErratic  The Fissile in Garibaldi Park, WhistlerThe Fissile  Fitzsimmons Creek in WhistlerFitzsimmons Creek  Garibaldi Park WhistlerFitzsimmons Range  Garibaldi Park WhistlerFyles,Tom  Garibaldi Park WhistlerGaribaldi Ranges  Garibaldi Park WhistlerGaribaldi Volcanic Belt  Garibaldi Park WhistlerGemel  Garibaldi Park WhistlerGlacier Window  Garibaldi Park WhistlerGreen Lake  Garibaldi Park WhistlerHoary Marmot  Garibaldi Park WhistlerKrummholz  Garibaldi Park WhistlerLithophyte  Garibaldi Park WhistlerLodgepole Pine  Glacier Moraines in Garibaldi Park WhistlerMoraine  Garibaldi Park WhistlerMt Garibaldi  Mount James Turner in Garibaldi Park, WhistlerMt James Turner  Mountain Hemlock Garibaldi Park WhistlerMountain Hemlock  Northair Mine in WhistlerNorthair Mine  North Arm FarmNorth Arm  Nunatuks in Whistler and Garibaldi ParkNunatuk  Nurse Stump or Log in WhistlerNurse Stump  Overlord Mountain and GlacierOverlord  Garibaldi Park WhistlerPacific Yew  Garibaldi Park WhistlerPaper Birch  Garibaldi Park WhistlerPeak 2 Peak  Garibaldi Park WhistlerRainbow Lodge  Garibaldi Park WhistlerRoundhouse  Garibaldi Park WhistlerRubble Creek  Garibaldi Park WhistlerScree  Garibaldi Park WhistlerSpearhead Range  Garibaldi Park WhistlerTarn  Garibaldi Park WhistlerThe Table  Garibaldi Park WhistlerTownsend,Charles  Usnea or Old Man's BeardUsnea  Waterbar or Cross DitchWaterbar  Western Hemlock Trees in WhistlerWestern Hemlock  Western RedcedarWestern Redcedar  Whistler SpruceWhistler Spruce  Mills Winram Whistler Coast Mountains MountaineerWinram,Mills

Just looking at the top half of one of the lodgepole pines near Rainbow Park, it would appear as several trees growing close together, instead of one tree with parallel, upward growing branches. In fact, some of the largest, skyward growing branches are similarly thick as the trunk, which nearer the top of the tree split into four closely packed trunk-sized branches. This chaotic frenzy of gigantic branches gives these trees a marvelously striving and powerful appearance, like supersized bodybuilders in the midst of normal sized people. The base of these bizarrely beautiful trees follows a similar pattern to the branches. Where the trunk meets the hard, cement-like ground is a tangled row of startlingly enormous roots emerging horizontal and plunging down into the ground. It is easy to think that decades have worn the forest floor away revealing the roots, but it appears that these trees grow this way on purpose. Maybe as a way to better stabilize the enormous girth above, or maybe to avoid unseen rocky ground below. Whatever the reason, none of their neighbouring big trees replicate this sprawling, exposed root pattern these big lodgepole pines exhibit. This chaotic array of powerful roots, like the similarly thick branches above, set these old pines apart from their more conventional tree neighbours. With their thick trunks, enormous branches, and grey, old and scaly bark, these grizzled old lodgepole pines look ancient, however they are probably just a couple hundred years old. Not that two centuries isn’t old for a tree, but nearby, similarly aged western redcedarswestern hemlocks and Whistler spruce trees look comparatively youthful.

Whistler Lodgepole Pine Perspective

Lodgepole Pine Huge Roots

Huge Lodgepole Pine in Whistler

The arrestingly hardy appearance of these lodgepole pines is a clue to their remarkable adaptability to difficult environments. You are just as likely to find lodgepole pines growing in dry, sandy soil as you are to find them in swampy terrain. Though not readily noticeable on a hot July day, but the big, gnarled lodgepole pines near Rainbow Park reside in fairly swampy ground much of the year. If you were to look across the nearby train tracks you would see an expanse of wetland extending to the forest beyond. The much smaller, though no less hardy lodgepole pines that grow on the rock plateau near the Whistler Bungee Bridge in Brandywine Falls Provincial Park, exist in a considerably drier environment.

Lodgepole Pine Near Rainbow Park

An interesting feature of lodgepole pines is that they largely rely on forest fires to propagate. The seeds in lodgepole pine cones is protected by a layer of pitch which keeps them safe until the heat from a forest fire releases them. After a forest fire sweeps through a valley, lodgepole pines are one of the first trees to appear in fantastic numbers. The lodgepole name originated from the frequent use of these trees by indigenous people as support poles for teepees and lodges. Lodgepole pine is the common name of one of four subspecies of Pinus contorta. Its full scientific name is Pinus contorta subsp. latifolia. The other, naturally growing subspecies of Pinus contorta you may encounter in the vicinity of Whistler is the shore pine, or Pinus contorta subsp. contorta. These grow all along the Pacific coast from Alaska to California, whereas lodgepole pines grow more in the interior of BC, in the Rocky Mountains from Colorado to the Yukon and as far as Saskatchewan. The other two subspecies, bolanderi (Bolander’s beach pine) and murrayana (tamarack pine, or Sierra lodgepole pine), range only in the southwest United States.  The Pinus contorta species gets their descriptive name contorta for two reasons. First, weather battered, coastal lodgepole pines often have a battered and contorted form. Second, their needles have a contorted, or slightly twisted shape to them.

How to Identify a Lodgepole Pine in Whistler

Identifying a lodgepole pine in Whistler is easy if you find the ones on the Valley Trail from Lorimer Road to Rainbow Park mentioned above. Less obvious ones in Whistler might require a closer look.  The bark on lodgepole pines is noticeably scaly looking like cornflakes. The colour is greyish brown and sometimes with orange highlights in the furrows. The bark is very similar to Whistler spruce trees, so you then have to check out the needles. Lodgepole pine needles are about 5cm long and grow in bundles of two. Overall, the needles are arrayed around the twig. The pine cones are fairly distinct when compared to other Whistler trees. Less than 5cm long, lodgepole pine cones are small compared to other pines. Each cone scale has a tiny prickle on it. The cones sometimes grow in pairs and occasionally point back towards the trunk.

Identify Lodgepole Pine Whistler

Lodgepole Pine Bark

Lodgepole pine bark grayish brown and cornflake like in appearance. You may see a slight orange colouring between the flakes. Whistler spruce trees have similar scaly, cornflake like bark, though the scales are much larger on Whistler spruce trees.

Lodgepole Pine Bark Closeup

Western Douglas Spruce Bark Comparison

Lodgepole Pine Needles

Lodgepole pine needles are possibly the easiest, distinguishing feature. They will be arrayed in bundles of two, a feature you don’t see in other Whistler tree needles.

Lodgepole Pine Needles Closeup

Whistler Tree Needles Comparison

Lodgepole Pine Cones

Lodgepole pine cones are fairly easy to distinguish from other Whistler area tree cones. They are fairly small, less than 5cm long, egg-shaped, and each scale has a very noticeable prickle at the tip. Young cones are light green in colour and turn brown as they age.  Lodgepole pine cones are attached directly to the branch without a stalk and it is not unusual to see an old cone attached for years.

Lodgepole Pine Cones Lifespan

Lodgepole Pines in Whistler

Lodgepole pines require a lot of sun and in Whistler you often find them in sunny plateaus on various hiking trails. The Brew Lake trail has several rocky, sunny and very dry plateaus with several hardy lodgepole pines growing as krummholz. Near the Whistler Bungee Bridge alongside Cheakamus River you will find similarly hardy trees growing on the hard, rocky plateau. Certainly the best examples of mature lodgepole pines in Whistler are the terrifically gnarled, old pines along the Valley Trail near Rainbow Park.

Lodgepole Pine Near Rainbow Park 2

Lodgepole Pine Near Rainbow Park

Pictured below is a nice grove of very hardy lodgepole pine trees alone the Brew Lake trail. Trees that are stunted and brutalized by their hardy environment are known as krummholz which literally translates from German as bent, crooked, twisted wood.

Brew Lake Trail Lodgepole Pine

Plants of the Whistler RegionPFlora and Fauna of the West Coast of BClants of the Whistler Region is an excellent book that includes great pictures and descriptions of most trees you will find in Whistler. Small enough to fit in your pocket and comprehensive enough to identify most things you will encounter growing in the forests of Whistler. Along with conifer trees and broadleaf trees the book has chapters on flowers, berries, ferns and shrubs. You can find Plants of the Whistler Region on Amazon, the Whistler Library and at Armchair Books in Whistler Village. The author Collin Varner has a wonderful series of Plants of.. books on various regions beyond Whistler. Plants of Vancouver and the Lower Mainland, Plants of the Gulf and San Juan Islands and Southern Vancouver Island, and Plants of the West Coast Trail. In the last couple years he has started a new series of books. The Flora and Fauna of Coastal British Columbia and the Pacific Northwest and Edible and Medicinal Flora of the West Coast: British Columbia and the Pacific Northwest.

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Bergschrund or abbreviated schrund: a crevasse that forms from the separation of moving glacier ice from the stagnant ice above. Characterized by a deep ...
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Scree: from the Norse “skridha”, landslide.  The small, loose stones covering a slope. Also called talus, the French word for slope. Scree is mainly formed ...
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Whistler spruce is a hybrid of the Sitka spruce and the interior Engelmann spruce. Sitka spruce trees thrive in the rainforests of the Pacific Northwest ...
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Neal Carter (14 Dec 1902 - 15 Mar 1978) was an early explorer of the Coast Mountains around what would eventually be called Whistler Valley.  In the summer ...
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Bivouac or Bivy: a primitive campsite or simple, flat area where camping is possible.  Traditionally used to refer to a very primitive campsite comprised of ...
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The Cloudraker Skybridge and the Raven’s Eye Cliff Walk are new additions to the summit of Whistler Mountain.  The Cloudraker Skybridge stretches 130 ...
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Charles Townsend climbed and explored several mountains around Whistler back in 1923, when much of the area remained unexplored.  Along with his friend Neal ...
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Bench: a flat section in steep terrain.  Characteristically narrow, flat or gently sloping with steep or vertical slopes on either side.  A bench can be ...
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Rent Hiking Gear Whistler Garibaldi Park

Whistler & Garibaldi Park Hiking

Easy Hiking Trail WhistlerAlexander Falls  Moderate Hiking Trail Whistler Dog FriendlyAncient Cedars  Moderate Hiking Trail WhistlerBlack Tusk  Pay Use Hiking Trail WhistlerBlackcomb Mountain  Easy Hiking Trail WhistlerBrandywine Falls  Moderate/Hard Hiking Trail Whistler Dog FriendlyBrandywine Meadows  Moderate/Hard Hiking Trail Whistler Dog FriendlyBrew Lake  Easy Hiking Trail WhistlerCallaghan Lake  Moderate Hiking Trail WhistlerCheakamus Lake  Whistler Hiking Trail EasyCheakamus River  Whistler Hiking Trail HardCirque Lake  Whistler Hiking Trail EasyFlank Trail  Moderate Hiking Trail WhistlerGaribaldi Lake  Moderate Hiking Trail WhistlerGaribaldi Park  Moderate Hiking Trail WhistlerHelm Creek  Moderate Hiking Trail Whistler Dog FriendlyJane Lakes  Joffre Lakes Hike in Whistler in SeptemberJoffre Lakes  Moderate Hiking Trail Whistler Dog FriendlyKeyhole Hot Springs  Hiking Trail Hard Dog FriendlyLogger’s Lake  Whistler Hiking Trail EasyMadeley Lake  Moderate/Hard Hiking Trail Whistler Dog FriendlyMeager Hot Springs Easy Hiking Trail WhistlerNairn Falls  Whistler Hiking Trail HardNewt Lake  Moderate Hiking Trail WhistlerPanorama Ridge  Easy Hiking Trail WhistlerParkhurst Ghost Town  Hiking Trail ModerateRainbow Falls  Moderate Hiking Trail WhistlerRainbow Lake  Moderate/Hard Hiking Trail Whistler Dog FriendlyRing Lake  Moderate Hiking Trail WhistlerRusset Lake  Whistler Hiking Trail EasySea to Sky Trail  Easy Hiking Trail WhistlerSkookumchuck Hot Springs  Easy Hiking Trail WhistlerSloquet Hot Springs  Moderate/Hard Hiking Trail Whistler Dog FriendlyMount Sproatt  Moderate Hiking Trail WhistlerTaylor Meadows  Whistler Hiking Trail EasyTrain Wreck  Hiking Trail Hard - Whistler TrailsWedgemount Lake  Pay Use Hiking Trail WhistlerWhistler Mountain

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Cirque Falls crashes down from Cirque Lake to Callaghan Lake, connecting these two remarkably beautiful and very different lakes.  Where Callaghan Lake is ...
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Alexander Falls is a very impressive 43 metre/141 foot waterfall just 30 to 40 minutes south of Whistler in the Callaghan Valley. Open year-round and ...
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Holloway Falls is the beautiful waterfalls you see partway along the Joffre Lakes Provincial Park trail.  Located between Middle Joffre Lake and Upper ...
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Shannon Falls towers above Howe Sound at 335 metres as the third tallest falls in BC.  The wonderful, though very short trail winds through a beautiful old ...
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Brew Lake is beautiful mountain lake just a short drive south of Whistler and is relatively unknown and seldom hiked. Laying at the base of Mount Brew, Brew Lake lays in a massive alpine valley of enormous erratics.  ...
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Ancient Cedars is a nice, easy/moderate 2.5 kilometre(1.6 mile) hiking trail on the far side of Cougar Mountain, just 13.1 kilometres north of Whistler Village. A small, untouched grove of huge western ...
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The short, winding, and ever-changing hiking trail to Rainbow Falls is the same as the much more popular trailhead for Rainbow Lake.  The trailhead is marked as the Rainbow Trail, and the trail quickly ...
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Garibaldi Lake is the centre and base for much of the hiking in Garibaldi Provincial Park. The Garibaldi Lake campsite is located on the amazing, turquoise shores of this massive and mostly still wild ...
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